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Cognitive Linguistics in the Making


Kinga Rudnicka-Szozda and Aleksander Szwedek

The papers in this book address the most fundamental, currently investigated problems in cognitive linguistics in a wide spectrum of perspectives. Apart from some traditional descriptions of particular metaphors and metonymies, there are analyses of spatio-temporal relations, motion and stillness, iconicity, force dynamics, as well as subjectivity and objectivity in language. The analyses are based on a number of languages: English, Polish, Russian, German, Lithuanian, Italian and Danish. The essays represent case studies, theoretical analyses as well as practical applications.
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Abstract vs concrete: contrastive analysis of the conceptualization of stillness and motion in Polish and English



Abstract Are fictive motion and fictive stillness still abstract? Can concrete motion be conceptualized in an abstract way? Can fictive motion be eventually understood in terms of simulations of concrete experience or in terms of the product of the way that language influences thought? The goal of this talk is to argue for the framework of cognitive contrastive analysis of fictive and factive motion and stillness. There is a discussion of the issue of fictive and factive motion and stillness not only from the point of view of motion verbs that apply to a subject that is not literally capable of movement in the physical world but also from the point of view of lexical semantics that through the process of semantic derivation of meaning of e.g. nouns, rooted in the concrete, embodied nature of the concept of motion and stillness due to the nature of semantic change with its set of lexical operations influence this kind of process of conceptualization.

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