Tagungsbeiträge des XII. Internationalen Türkischen Germanistik Kongresses- Bd. I: Literatur- und Übersetzungswissenschaft
One may sometimes feel his difference from others, the indifference of others to him, and his neglected, detached and isolated self not conforming to the physical or the social environment he lives in. That is, he may feel that he cannot be the part of the environment complementing the others with it, or feel that he does not belong to that environment. Thus, he may not have the sense of belonging to the place where he lives if he is especially a migrant there. The term “transnationalism”, first coined in Randolph S. Bourne’s article “Transnational America” (Bourne 1916), refers to a field and notion studying migrants’ not complementing with the environments they live in, and hence not having a whole and unified self, and not being unified with the place, the environment, and the nation where they go as a migrant. This sense of being split in the migrant is saliently perceived and felt also among the writers as intellectual migrants who need to express the sense of “unbelonging” (Rushdie 1995: 141), the sense of not belonging to any of the cultures and the places they leave and go. By expressing this feeling of being lost in the sense that they are not unified with any of the cultures they leave and go, they point out their functions in their depictions of how a migrant should act to preserve his own dignity and the self without being assimilated in the new culture he enters into, which is given...
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