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Ancient Myths in the Making of Culture


Małgorzata Budzowska and Jadwiga Czerwińska

The reception of Mediterranean Antiquity heritage is one of the dominant research areas in contemporary classical studies. This issue has constituted the scope of the conference Reception of Ancient Myths in Ancient, Modern and Postmodern Culture, which took place at the University of Łódź (Poland) in November 2013. The volume consists of the selected articles based on the conference papers. They are divided into the main chapters: Literature, Visual and Performing Arts and Philosophy as well as Anthropology. The authors consider different methods of reception of ancient myths focusing on various cultural phenomena: literature, fine arts, theatre, cinema and pop culture.
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The Time and Space of Antiquity in The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde


The article covers the idea of time and space in the context of various types of time-space relations according to Mikhail Bakhtin. In the novel by Oscar Wilde The Picture of Dorian Gray one may easily distinguish such spaces as: the space of antiquity, individual space, as well as literary space. There also exists artistic chronotope, which should be considered as the most crucial for understanding the whole literary work by Wilde. Wilde’s creation of the space of antiquity is an attempt to restore the ancient ideals of art and beauty, in accordance with the statements of aestheticism. The writer exploits such mythical figures as Adonis, Apollo and Narcissus, combining them with the idea of a perfect piece of art.

The category of space and time can be viewed as one of the most crucial construction elements when analysing a literary work, as it may fulfil several functions in the work of art. It becomes the background for the events taking place, it frequently conveys a metaphorical meaning hidden behind the figures and places, and it can also offer the reader the image of a whole book, if it is presented in the incipit in a detailed way1. Spatial dimensions can be easily distinguished in the well-known novel by Oscar Wilde The Picture of Dorian Gray. Following the categorization by Mikhail Bakhtin2 one may notice the great number of spaces that alternate one with another, as well as those that stay in some oppositions.

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