Zum aktuellen Stand der Linguistik und ihrer Teildisziplinen. Akten des 43. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Magdeburg 2008 / The Present State of Linguistics and its Sub-Disciplines. Proceedings of the 43rd Linguistics Colloquium, Magdeburg 2008
Edited By Katrin Schöpe, Renate Belentschikow, Angelika Bergien and Armin Burkhardt
This volume contains the revised versions of 63 papers, written in German, English and French. It considers a broad spectrum of topics and findings from various areas of linguistics and thereby offers a critical review of the field. The authors address questions ranging from grammar, semantics, text and discourse pragmatics to issues from the field of applied linguistics. The volume is concluded by studies on contrastive linguistics and foreign language pedagogy.
Universal Concepts in a Cognitive Perspective
Marina Fomina, Moscow
The present paper is concerned with cognitive modeling the lexical representation of universal concepts. In particular, we shall focus on the EMPTY SPACE phenomenon in the English speaking culture.
The concept SPACE has been puzzling scientists, philosophers and linguists for much of human history. The linguistic interest in SPACE can be attributed to several reasons. First, SPACE is essential to a system of cognitive categories. Secondly, contemporary conceptualists and cognitologists conceive of SPACE as one of the basic concepts of universal conceptual systems. Thirdly, it is possible to trace frequent reference to the concept SPACE at various levels of language the concept turns out to be very instrumental while interpreting many linguistic phenomena (Kahn 1966; Lyons 1967; Kimball 1973; Seliverstova 1973, 1983; Langacker 1982; Talmy 1983; Toporov 1983; Herskovits 1986; Landau 1994; Souleimanova 1997; Munnich 2001, 2003; Landau 2005; etc.)
Yet there have been no studies on the way the EMPTY SPACE is conceptualized in the natural language. I thus view the subject matter of the research extended over a broad domain – ranging from semantics to cognitive science in general.
The concept EMPTY is represented by a cluster of English synonyms – the words empty, free, blank, spare, unoccupied, vacant and void.
The investigation based on linguistic experiment and mathematical-statistical methods applied when processing experimental data revealed that there is a number of relevant features which should be considered as the basis for distinguishing the words....
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