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Krise der lokalen Kulturen und die philosophische Suche nach Identität

Edited By Heimo Hofmeister and Ivan Mikirtumov

Das Thema Krise der lokalen Kulturen und die philosophische Suche nach Identität fordert zu allererst eine Bestandsaufnahme politischer Kulturen hinsichtlich ihres Staatsverständnisses und deren Voraussetzungen zur Identifikation mit dem jeweiligen Staat. Die zweite Forderung richtet sich an die Philosophie und fragt nach konkreten Wegen für eine Gemeinsamkeit, deren Basis Freiheit ist, nicht trotz sondern um der Verschiedenheit des Herkommens und des Denkens willen. Erstaunlich ist, dass eine Tagung zu diesem Thema, weniger wegen der unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen und nationalen Erfahrungen der russischen und deutschen Wissenschaftler, sondern eher wegen der oft kontroversen Zugänge verschiedener Fachdisziplinen Fragen aufwirft.
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The Religious Dimension of Intercultural Education and the Search for Identity

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New information technology and forms of communications, the development of science, education and travel are slowly breaking down barriers of suspicion, fear and lack of understanding between nations. Whether we like it or not, we find ourselves in a world where we need to appreciate different types of attitudes, faiths and practices that differ from our own. The process of globalization forces us to acknowledge the parallels and similarities in the cultural development of humanity, while respecting the diversity of various cultural traditions.

This raises the problem of a harmonious coexistence between people belonging to different religions, and in this context the question of how we are to understand the relationship between world religions is raised as well. Does our knowledge simply accentuate the differences and possible ongoing discord between the world’s faiths? Are there many different paths to one truth or salvation? Beneath the relative cultural variations, is there a fundamental unity? These questions have been much debated of late; but they are now more imperative than ever, as the questions and the responses to such questions invoke the most serious social and political consequences. Is multiculturalism or the intercultural dialogue a bad prescription now? What is to be done now, when the religion for one group of citizens is meaningless and for another group it means everything in the sense of mentality, mode of living and personal identity? At the center of this debate are the questions regarding how to live together with the representatives of...

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