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Kompetenz im Studium und in der Arbeitswelt- Competence in Higher Education and the Working Environment

Nationale und internationale Ansätze zur Erfassung von Ingenieurkompetenzen- National and International Approaches for Assessing Engineering Competence

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Edited By Frank Musekamp and Georg Spöttl

Gute Lehre an Hochschulen hat in den vergangenen Jahren erheblich an Bedeutung gewonnen. Dies gilt angesichts hoher Studienabbruchquoten insbesondere in den Ingenieurswissenschaften. Um die Effekte guter Lehre auf die Lernergebnisse bei den Studierenden zu erfassen, fehlen jedoch bislang empirisch abgesicherte Instrumente. Dieser Band stellt aktuelle konzeptionelle und empirische Arbeiten vor und beleuchtet sie aus methodischer Sicht sowie mit Blick auf die didaktische Verwertung in der Hochschullehre.
Good teaching at universities has considerably gained importance within the last years. This is especially relevant with regard to the high drop-out rates, above all in engineering sciences. At the moment, however, there is a lack of empirically valid instruments for the assessment of the impact of good teaching on the students’ learning results. This volume presents current conceptual and empirical works with a focus on methodology and their didactical application in university teaching.
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Theoretical Modelling of Selected Engineering Competencies

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Drawing on preliminary empirical studies, this paper analyses the curricular foci of different institutions for higher education with respect to their mechanical engineering courses. On this basis, and taking into consideration the state of research from other fields, we present theoretical models of basic engineering competencies.

Auf der Basis empirischer Vorstudien werden in diesem Beitrag curriculare Schwerpunktsetzungen unterschiedlicher Hochschultypen am Beispiel von Maschinenbaustudiengängen analysiert. Darauf aufbauend und im Anschluss an den Forschungsstand in anderen Domänen werden theoretische Modellierungen ausgewählter ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Kompetenzen im Grundstudium vorgenommen.

1 Initial situation

In the areas of general and vocational education below the academic level, substantial improvement in the modelling and measurement of competencies has been documented (see an overview e.g. in Nickolaus & Seeber, 2013; Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia & Seidel, 2011; Nickolaus, Lazar, & Norwig, 2012). Work on modelling and measurement of competencies in the academic field, however, is restricted to the area of teachers’ education. In the field of engineering studies, research work is scarce (an overview of the international state of research is given in Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia & Kuhn, 2010). Working in this area seems difficult due to the broad differences between the engineering fields of activity, not only between different engineering branches but also between the various activities within a single engineering branch. For example, the following enumeration shows a variety of activities from mechanical engineering: development work in different sectors (e.g. automotive engineering, manufacturing systems engineering, precision engineering), management, research, patent law etc...

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