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Materialität und Medialität der sprachlichen Kommunikation - Materiality and Mediality of Linguistic Communication

Akten des 47. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Olsztyn 2012 - Proceedings of the 47 th Linguistics Colloquium in Olsztyn 2012

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Edited By Ewa Zebrowska, Mariola Jaworska and Dirk Steinhoff

Dieser Band versammelt Beiträge des 47. Linguistischen Kolloquiums an der Universität Olsztyn (Polen) zum Thema Materialität und Medialität der sprachlichen Kommunikation. In den beiden letzten Jahrzehnten haben die Medien in allen Lebensbereichen immer mehr an Bedeutung gewonnen. Die Wahl des Rahmenthemas trägt dem Rechnung und macht zugleich deutlich, dass sich auch die sprachwissenschaftliche Forschung zunehmend für Formen und Inhalte medialer Kommunikation interessiert, indem sie sprachliche Äußerungen in ihrem kommunikativen, funktionalen und kulturellen Kontext zum Gegenstand der Untersuchung macht.
This volume encompasses contributions of the 47 th Linguistics Colloquium at the University of Olsztyn (Poland) concerning the Materiality and Mediality of Linguistic Communication. In the last two decades, linguists have expressed a growing interest in the increasing presence of the media in all areas of life. Against this background, linguistic utterances in their communicative, functional, medial and cultural context have become subjects of research.
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Word meaning change in the context of Construction Grammar

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Tatiana Shabanova (Ufa)

Theory of semantic types of predicates explains processes that underlie cases of cognitive metaphor. Their essence is in the change of slot positions in the context of frame theory. The change of slot positions depends on the change in the component structure of semantic roles that fill in slots in the frame of the verb. The prototype meaning of the verb is not a self sufficient system because its meaning is under the influence of the construction in which it is used. It is a cognitive construction that modifies the verb meaning and defines the structure of the frame. [Fillmore 1992; Goldberg 1995, 2006; Croft 2001; Рахилина 2008]

Let us dwell upon some meta-language concepts that are used in the work. We consider a semantic role, or a semantic case as a meta-language element that helps to describe a lexical meaning of verbs and syntactic relations of verb arguments. Lexical meaning of the verb that is described with the help of semantic roles shows its predicative valency potential. The semantic role is a sign not only of the meaning of the verb but also of standard processes that characterize verbs. [ Селиверстова 2004]

The subject of the investigation is mental processes that underline the change of the meaning of verbs. These mental processes include cognitive metaphorisation, change of the semantic type of the predicate, change of the frame structure in dynamics. Finally, we observe change of the prototype meaning due to these processes.

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