Person – Subject – Organism- An Overview of Interdisciplinary Insights
Edited By Anton Vydra
Husserl on Type, Animal Life, and Cross-Species Morality
Husserl’s theories of type, association and analogical apperception serve to ground the basic form of community that arises between individual agents and other subjects, including other animals. The latter is because association and type are by nature inclusive, rather than exclusive, and do not function in the same manner as determinate concepts. Type is inclusive and indeterminate in the sense that it is not fixed, nor does it require exactitude. Rather it functions associatively in drawing out/together common resemblances and styles. I will argue that the cross-species relationships typification opens up contribute to the full constitution of the human monad, and that moral relationships with animals should follow the spirit of typification by being inclusive and open to indeterminacy. In this case, the term indeterminacy concerns moral decisions that do not require grounding in an exact understanding of what the animal may be thinking, desiring, etc. The essay will include a few remarks on the nature of analogy and description, as well as how my overall argument corresponds with similar deliberations in the study of animal cognition. All of the above concern interspecies and interpersonal interaction and how the formation of values and norms may occur.
Keywords: analogy, analogical apperception, animal consciousness, interspecies relationships, monad, morality, pairing, type, typification
While it is true that our way of conceiving of, and relating to the natural environment has certainly matured, anthropocentric viewpoints have continued to...
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