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Cognitive Explorations into Metaphor and Metonymy

Edited By Frank Polzenhagen, Zoltan Kövecses, Stefanie Vogelbacher and Sonja Kleinke

This volume presents selected contributions to an annual symposium on metaphor and metonymy held at the English Department of Heidelberg University. It brings together papers by lecturers, PhD students and graduates from three universities – Heidelberg University, Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, and the University of East Anglia in Norwich. The contributions illustrate the plurality of perspectives and methods in current cognitive-linguistic research on metaphor and metonymy and exemplify some of the ways in which they can be combined. The papers also attest to the wide range of domains and topics to which metaphor- and metonymy-based research can be applied, including emotion terms, political and scientific discourse, morphology, cross-cultural variation and internet communication.
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The concept of the State in Hungarian political discourse: Variations reflected in the language of the constitutions: Orsolya Farkas

1. Introduction

Extract

The concept of the STATE in Hungarian political discourse: Variations reflected in the language of the constitutions

    Orsolya Farkas (Budapest)

Situated within the larger scope of research on the concept of the state in Hungarian political discourse, this paper presents the findings of an analysis of Hungary’s three, historically successive, constitutions (those of 1949, 1989 and 2012). The aim of this analysis was to identify and compare the patterns of metaphorization of the state in these texts. The research method applied here combines introspective and quantitative (examining word and concept frequency in the corpus data) analysis. Previous research conducted on the annual addresses of Hungerian prime ministers (e.g., Farkas 2012) established that the most frequent metaphorical concep-tualizations of the state in Hungarian political discourse draw on the following source domains: VEHICLE, BUILDING and GROUPS/PEOPLE (e.g., a sports team). The corpus used in the present research is different, since it represents the realm of legal documents.

My first research question is whether or not the STATE is conceptualized metaphorically at all in this text type and, if so, whether the above source domains are still traceable. The analysis continues with an examination of the target domain, identifying and checking the frequency of different words referring to the concept of the state or its parts. The main quest here is to investigate the mental frame, i.e. the frame of semantic knowledge (in the sense of Fillmore, see Kövecses 2006: 64–69) activated by these words....

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