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Elites and Politics in Central and Eastern Europe (1848–1918)

Judit Pál and Vlad Popovici

The volume deals with the evolution and metamorphoses of the political elite in the Habsburg lands and the neighbouring countries during the long 19th century. It comprises fourteen studies, compiled by both renowned scholars in the field and young researchers from Central and Eastern Europe. The research targets mainly parliamentary elites, with occasional glimpses on political clubs and economic elites. The main subjects of interest are changes in the social-professional composition of the representative assemblies and inner power plays and generation shifts. The collection of studies also focuses on the growing pressure brought by emerging nationalisms as well as electoral corruption and political patronage.
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Deutschliberal and Deutschnational. Continuity and Discontinuity in Local Politics and the Diet of Moravia 1880–1914


Lukáš Fasora

Over the past twenty years, research into ← 129 | 130 → political partisanship in Moravia has significantly increased, particularly with regard to the Moravian Diet. The most important studies on the relationship between Liberals and Nationals in German Moravia got underway in the first half of the 1990s, building on previous research by Austrian and German historians.1 In the decade that followed, several important works on local and provincial government were produced, linked to the Moravian Diet.2 This research led to the publication of a book on German political partisanship in Moravia, and a biographical dictionary of politicians in the Moravian Diet, offering a very detailed view of the development of political preferences within the German camp and providing valuable information on nationalism in German politics prior to 1914.3

One important aspect to emerge from prosopographic work on all the Diet members is that, unlike their Czech counterparts, German politicians were closely linked to local government. We find mayors from almost all the German towns ranked among German Diet members. Since many problems in local government had to be solved without the encumbrance of ideological dogma or pressure from a party programme, and also considering local power relations and customs, it is difficult to align individuals linking the municipal and provincial spheres of politics on a Liberal-National axis. Another reason why the biographical method seems appropriate is that the application of the majority system in the Diet elections increased the likelihood of a more generally acceptable...

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