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Time for Health Education

Edited By Kaarina Määttä and Satu Uusiautti

Health and healthy life styles are something that we all would like to induce in our youths and children. This book provides a new perspective for health education. It represents Finnish ideas and solutions of health education and provides analyses of health promotion. In today’s world, health education is expected to offer holistic information and increase understanding about the communal and environmental health issues along with individual choices and concern over fellow humans. This book presents a multidimensional analysis starting from the history of health education to the most current innovative health concepts. The book also includes hands-on examples of health promotion at various education levels.
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The Fourth Level of Health Literacy


Maija Rask, Satu Uusiautti and Kaarina Määttä

The World Health Organization defines health literacy as cognitive and social skills that determine individuals’ motivation and ability to receive, understand, and use information in a way that promotes and maintains people’s health1. Scott Simonds was the first to define the concept of health literacy in 1974 in Health Education Monograph2, see 3. Students should be provided as good literacy in health issues as they do in other traditional school subjects. Because insufficient health education is the reason for poor health literacy, all school levels should provide at least the minimum of health education. However, health literacy is not considered a natural part of the education system3. The Jakarta Declaration4 notes the strengthening of health literacy as one of the health promotion strategies5.

The international discussion over health literacy often leans on the levels of health literacy created by Don Nutbeam6: basic/functional health literacy, communicative/interactive health literacy, and critical health literacysee also 7,8,9. The lowest level of health literacy means that people know about health risks and health services. Health education encourages people to participate in health programs, vaccination programs, and screenings. Traditional health education and health education data function as the means. In addition, information is passed through people’s networks and contacts, and the media. The approach does not aim at personal contacts or independency6,10. The basic health literacy consists of the fundamentals of hygiene, nutrition, security, drugs, human relationships, parenthood, and...

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