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Journalism in Change

Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden


Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

Media developments change journalism all over the world. But are the changes the same in different media systems? How is professionalization influenced by the constant growth of a network society and social media? How are commercialization and political influences in the media relating to each other? These are some of the issues discussed in this study. It is based on the research project Journalism in Change – professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden. From 2011 to 2014 researchers from Sweden, Poland and Russia at Södertörn University in Stockholm have been cooperating closely in order to survey a sample of 1500 journalists and 60 in depth interviews with journalists. The results are presented in a comparative design covering different areas.
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
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Appendix 1: The Questionnaire of the “Journalism in change” Survey, 2012

Stockholm/Moscow/Wrocław February 2012

Dear Journalist,

New technology, commercial pressure and an evolving network society changes the conditions for journalism – but is it changing in the same way in different media systems? How are journalistic practices and journalistic values influenced by media development in different countries?

The purpose of the project “Journalism in change” is to study professional journalistic cultures in three countries: Sweden, Poland and Russia. These countries have a different historical and political legacy, the relations between media and political/economic power are quite different and there are big differences in media use. Our question is how media development is influenced by the different conditions, and how professional journalistic cultures are changing in these three countries.

In the project, researchers from Södertörn University in Sweden, Wrocław University in Poland and Moscow State University in Russia are working closely together to find some answers. One of the most important steps is this survey to 500 journalists in each country, a sample chosen to be representative for the journalistic population in the country.

We hope that you want to participate in the project by giving your answers to the questions in the survey. If you find any question difficult to answer, just leave it and answer the rest. Every answer is important to give us a reliable picture of how journalists perceive their...

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