Traditions – Influences – Identities- Proceedings of the International Musicological Conference- July 4–7 2013, Iaşi (Romania)
Missiriotissa and Chaide Chourde – songs for voice and piano by Manolis Kalomiris (1883–1962) and independently by Emilios Riadis (1880–1935), composers of the Greek National Music School
Anna-Maria Rentzeperi-TsonouDepartment of Music Sience and ArtUniversity of Macedonia156, Egnatia str., 54006 ThessalonikiGREECEarentzep@uom.gr
Manolis Kalomiris (1883–1962) and Emilios Riadis (1880–1935) belong to the basic nucleus of the Greek National Music School. Kalomiris was influenced by the Greek folk song, German Romanticism, especially Wagner, and the Russian National Music School. Riadis was initiated into the German music. Later, in Paris, he was influenced by the French Music School and the impressionist cycle. Although Kalomiris and Riadis underwent several different influences, they both had the aim to create Greek music. In this study two songs of Kalomiris and Riadis will be examined, in which the two composers set the same poems, Missiriotissa and Chaide Chourde, written by the Greek poet, Alexandros Pallis, to music. Emphasis will be given to the folk elements the two composers use to express the Greek national character. Also other characteristic music elements will be pointed out. Both composers chose to set poems written in demotic language (Greek folk language) by a contemporary Greek poet to music. Regarding the folk elements Kalomiris uses the Greek modes, the augmented second (tri-semitone) in the melodic line, the meter 9/8 as well as dance-like rhythmic schemes. Riadis uses the Greek modes, the tri-semitone in the melodic line, the meters 7/8 and 7/16 and the pedal in certain bars.
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