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School Effectiveness in China

An Exploratory Study

Pai Peng

This book is a valuable attempt to address the issue of school effectiveness in mainland China. The author applies multi-level modeling and longitudinal student achievement and survey data to evaluate school effectiveness. In the first study, the author analyzes the effects of school resources and classroom processes on student achievement. He also investigates the size of school effects, and the differential school effects for different groups of students. The other two empirical studies focus on the value-added evaluation of academic performance in schools, including consistency, stability and robustness of value-added results. The author also discusses the policy implications of these empirical findings in the Chinese school system.
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8. STUDY III: Value-added School Effectiveness and its Instability

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An in-depth analysis of value-added scores of schools in one Chinese education authority

8.1 Introduction

There is a growing interest in using value-added models to assess the school performance in promoting student learning. The effort has been made in some industrialized countries (see OECD, 2008; Braun, 2005; Thomas, Sammons, Morti-more, & Smees, 1997; Doolaard, 2002; Van de Grift, 2009), especially in the United States as a part of school accountability system. It has also attracted the attention of practitioners in some developing countries, such as in China (Peng et al, 2006; Thomas et al, 2012). Value-added school effectiveness is often defined as the “net” contribution of a school to students’ academic achievement after statistically controlling for the impact of a set of covariates, such as student baseline ability, family background and/or school context. Thus the value-added score is often called the covariate-adjusted test score1. The advantage of value-added over the test-score measure is that it considers the intake difference of schools. It is thus viewed as a fairer evaluation tool of school performance than the test score measured at a single time point.

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