Acceptance or Challenge?
Edited By Izabela Handzlik and Lukasz Sorokowski
Moroccan associations in the Netherlands: how organisation leaders deal with the stigmatisation of the Moroccan community
Abstract: The key issue of this paper is how representatives of Moroccan associations in the Netherlands have responded to the sudden rise of anti-immigrant sentiments and the stigmatisation of Moroccans that has been taking place since the first decade of the twenty-first century in this country. Fieldwork done among representatives of Moroccan associations has been merged with several rounds of interviews conducted from 1997 to 2011, facilitating a long-term analysis. At the outset, the paper focuses on four distinct periods: 1997, 2001–2004, 2005–2009 and 2011; followed by an attempt at demonstrating that it is possible to discern a certain development in the reactions outlined. Having dealt with the results chronologically, the analysis concludes with a typology of reactions, based on Gordon Allport’s theory of prejudice.
Keywords: Moroccan immigrants, the Netherlands, stigmatisation, Muslim communities’ reactions, strategies, prejudice
Moroccan immigrants and their children are increasingly encountering problems to get accepted in the Netherlands. The Netherlands has received, just like many other Western European countries, considerable immigration flows for about 50 years now, in a period when the economy grew rather steadily and the welfare state took shape. Immigration from the neighbouring countries – Germany, Belgium, the UK – never provoked a lot of attention. But the immigration of people from the former Dutch colonies of Indonesia and Surinam and from the two main “guest labour” suppliers – Turkey and Morocco – was less natural for the Dutch. While Turks and Moroccans were in the nineteen sixties and seventies...
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