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Visions of Europe

Interdisciplinary Contributions to Contemporary Cultural Debates


Edited By Gail K. Hart and Anke S. Biendarra

How do we as scholars envision Europe? Participants in a two-day research symposium bring a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary responses to this complex question. Distinguished US scholars address the European continent, its history and culture, and its politics in essays that range from the intellectual tradition to poetics and world literature, from the air war to plurilingualism, from religious symbolism to Europe’s colonial legacy. These contributions comprise a portrait or vision of Europe today; the challenges it faces, and the challenges we face in confronting it as a cultural and geopolitical entity.
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Tradition and the Multi-National Corporation: T.S. Eliot’s Europe


Tradition and the Multinational Corporation: T.S. Eliot’s Europe

Herschel Farbman

Communication with the dead—that has to be learned.—Hannah Arendt, eulogy for Karl Jaspers

Though T.S. Eliot’s Europe is my destination, let the reader be warned that it will take me most of this chapter to get there. The story I want to tell begins in the America that Eliot left for good, for England, in 1914—or not exactly the one that he left, but the America of about a century before that. The particular line of resistance to the power of corporations that I’ll be trying to leverage today has its origin, I am somewhat embarrassed to say, in Thomas Jefferson, whom Eliot’s friend and co-conspirator Ezra Pound at one point compares not entirely unconvincingly to Benito Mussolini.1 Jefferson sees corporations as a kind of aristocracy. “I hope we shall … crush in its birth the aristocracy of our monied corporations,” he writes in a much-cited letter to George Logan.2 It’s a figure of speech we’re talking about here. Corporations are in fact at least as unlike an aristocracy as they are like one. But Jefferson hits on something real in this fancy that I want to try to develop a little.

If T.S. Eliot can help me in this, it is certainly not because he is any kind of enemy of aristocracy. On the contrary, he is as frank a friend as aristocracy could hope for in a democratic...

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