Assessing Actions and Outcomes in Contemporary Central-Eastern Europe
Edited By Jacek Kurczewski
Past, Conflicts and Seeking of Reconciliation on the Polish-Ukrainian Borderland
The purpose of the following article is to picture how conflict and reconciliation are perceived and conceptualised by the two national groups in the certain historical part of the Polish-Ukrainian borderland. That area was a part of Eastern Galicia up to 1918, and from 1919 to 1939 it belonged to Lviv voivodeship within the Republic of Poland. This borderland was divided by a permanent state border in 1939 for the first time and now it encompasses eastern and southeastern areas of Podkarpackie voivodeship in Poland and Lviv oblast, Ukraine. Since 1989-1991, independent democratic states have been developing on both sides of the border, more or less respecting the rights of national minorities. These structural and political conditions of the Polish-Ukrainian relations are the fundamental context of their conceptualisation in the borderland, from the past and present perspective.
A number of historical periodisations of the Polish-Ukrainian relations exists. They are often elaborate and complex (e.g. Stępień 1996, 160-162). From sociological perspective considering historical moments that are the most meaningful for today’s situation on the borderland, three fundamental historical stages of ethnic relations can be distinguished. The first one concerns historical events that left imprints on contemporaneity, because of their longue durée (Braudel 1999), despite the fact that they had taken place before the appearance of modern nationalities (it concerns the period from the beginning of state organisation to modern times). The second stage of the history of ethnic relations in this area begins with the appearance of...
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