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Serbien und das Modernisierungsproblem

Die Entwicklung der Gesundheitspolitik und sozialen Kontrolle bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg

Series:

Indira Durakovic

Die Autorin wurde für diese Arbeit mit dem Andrej-Mitrović -Preis ausgezeichnet.

Als Bestandteil eines Modernisierungsprozesses von Staat und Gesellschaft war die Gesundheitspolitik für den angestrebten wirtschaftlichen, militärischen und sozialen Fortschritt Serbiens unerlässlich. Im Kontext einer europäischen Sozialgeschichte der Medizin beleuchtet diese Studie die Medikalisierung einer agrarisch und patriarchal geprägten Gesellschaft. Dabei ist die Analyse der medizinischen Sozialdisziplinierung sowie der hygienischen Erziehung zentral. Basierend auf eugenischen, gesundheitspolitischen sowie sanitärhygienischen Maßnahmen galt es eine effektive soziale Kontrolle zu etablieren. Die Diskrepanz zwischen den theoretisch fundierten Interventionen und ihrer Realisierung verdeutlichen medizinische Zeitschriften, Aufklärungsbücher sowie Archivdokumente aus Belgrad und Wien.
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Serbia and the Problem of Modernization. The Development of Health Care Policy and Social Control until World War I

This thesis studies the structure, the development and the characteristics of the Serbian public health system and explores if health care measures and the sanitary modernization gave rise to effective social control. The scientific novelty of this study revolves around the analysis of the process of medicalization, the medical social disciplinary actions as well as the medical and hygienic education of the Serbian society. The argumentation of these aspects is based on a critical investigation of medical journals, brochures, popular sexual education books, medical practitioners’ reports as well as documents from the Belgrade Municipal Archive, the Serbian State Archive, and the Austrian State Archives in Vienna.

The establishment of the public health system was accompanied by the elimination of shortcomings in a western European fashion. Especially at the end of the 19th century, state-approved mechanisms concerning power and interventions were expanded and the population became the focus of interest for health care policy. However, the Serbian physicians, who had mostly been trained abroad, were not able to change the mutual behavior in hygiene and ailment prevention by applying explicatory, controlling and regulating measures. The efforts in health care dating from the 1830s to the Balkan Wars and World War I triggered off initiatives, whose results could only be observed in the course of time. Due to the rural character of the country, the few bigger Serbian cities...

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