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The Power of the Image

Emotion, Expression, Explanation

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Edited By András Benedek and Kristof Nyiri

We think primarily in images, and only secondarily in words, while both the image and the word are preceded by the bodily, the visceral, the muscular. This holds even for mathematical thinking. It is the entire motor system, including facial expressions and bodily gestures, that underlies not just emotions but also abstract thought. Communication, too, is a primordially visual task, spoken and written language only gradually supplementing and even supplanting the pictorial. Writing liberates, but also enslaves; after centuries of a dominantly verbal culture, today the ease of producing and accessing digital images amounts to a homecoming of the visual, with the almost limitless online availability of our textual heritage completing the educational revolution of the 21st century.
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Pictorial and Textual Communication within the Scope of Citizen Journalism in Social Media

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Paweł Rybszleger

Citizen journalism (often specified as “participatory”, “guerilla”, “grassroots” or “democratic”) is based on active citizens who try to collect, report and disseminate pieces of information. Radsch1 defines it as follows: “an alternative and activist form of newsgathering and reporting that functions outside mainstream media institutions … that uses similar journalistic practices but is driven by different objectives and ideals and relies on alternative sources of legitimacy than traditional or mainstream journalism”.

Rosen defines citizen journalism as situations “when the people formerly known as the audience employ the press tools they have in their possession to inform one another”. 2 Atton figures that citizen journalism, as a form of alternative media, presents a “radical challenge to the professionalized and institutionalized practices of the mainstream media”. 3

On a page of PC Mag4 you can find another interesting definition of participatory journalism which underlines the importance of variety of different points of view in the today’s world: “Using wiki sites and blogs, anyone can contribute information about a current event… the concept behind citizen journalism is that many volunteers help to ensure that the information is more accurate than when it is being reported from only one source.”

← 87 | 88 → The availability of new media technology facilitates citizen journalism reporting important news and enables them to act often much more quickly than traditional media reporters (good examples are such important world events like the Arab Spring in 2011 or Occupy Wall Street movement...

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