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First Language versus Foreign Language

Fluency, Errors and Revision Processes in Foreign Language Academic Writing


Esther Odilia Breuer

First Language versus Foreign Language deals with the «battle» that takes place in writers’ heads when writing in a foreign language. Most academics today need to write in another language than in their first language (L1) in order to publish in internationally recognized journals. However, as writing research has shown, writing in a foreign language (FL) presents difficulties. The study compares L1 and FL writing, analysing written texts and the writing processes in terms of fluency, errors and revision. It takes a closer look at the «battle» between the L1 and the FL and offers useful insight. The findings allow a glimpse at the processes that take place in the brain, calling for new didactic approaches to FL writing.
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Bibliographic Information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the internet at

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Breuer, Esther Odilia, 1971-  First language versus foreign language : fluency, errors and revision processes in foreign language academic writing / Esther Odilia Breuer.   pages cm. – (Textproduktion und Medium; Band 14)  ISBN 978-3-631-64698-4 (Print) – ISBN 978-3-653-04262-7 (E-Book) 1. Academic writing–Cross-cultural studies. 2. Native language and education–Cross-cultural studies. 3. Multilingualism–Cross-cultural studies. I. Title.  P301.5.A27B74 2015  430’.4221–dc23


ISSN 1431-0015 ISBN 978-3-631-64698-4 (Print) E-ISBN 978-3-653-04262-7 (E-Book) DOI 10.3726/978-3-653-04262-7 © Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Frankfurt am Main 2015 All rights reserved. Peter Lang Edition is an Imprint of Peter Lang GmbH.

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