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A Case Study of Kurdish-German Pre-school Bilingual Children


Baban Mohamed

The state of acquiring more than one language as a child or an adult is not the exception; it is rather an everyday reality for a quite substantial part of today’s society. This book explores the phenomenon of code-switching within the field of child bilingualism from both linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives. Based on collected data from Kurdish-German pre-school bilingual children in Austria, this empirical study aims at giving an analysis of linguistic and extra-linguistic factors that constrain child code-switching. The book shows specific interest in practices of code switching and mixing as displayed by Kurdish subjects of the study and in how far these can be sufficiently explained by existing models of (adult) bilingual language behavior. The results clearly show that code-switching can be related to the identity and characteristics of the speakers or to aspects of their social life, and that it can be subconsciously used to manage conflict when different languages are associated with different roles in a community.
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7. Subjects and recordings


This chapter introduces the subjects and the data the present study is based on. The presentation of the subjects includes a description of their family background as well as the contact to the languages they acquire. Furthermore, the procedure for data collection and methodology, for example how the data have been collected, and the description of speech situations are outlined. This information is necessary for a precise analysis of language choice and language mixing.

In chapter 8, the data will be introduced. The detailed presentation of the data will introduce only the code-switches that occurred in the data and the monolingual conversations that are exclusively Kurdish or German produced by the subjects will be excluded. All code-switches will be extracted for analysis. The data will then be observed (in chapter 9) to support or refuse the predictions for intrasentential CS mentioned in the theoretical part of this book and also (in chapter 10) to analyse the data according to social factors on CS.

7.1. Method of observation

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