Proceedings of the 5 th ESEA Conference
Socio-economic Doping and Enhancement in Sport: A Case-based Analysis of Dynamics and Structural Similarities
The term ‘doping’ usually serves the purpose to hint at or denounce a development or a practice that is illegal or deemed illegitimate. Yet, the question remains as to how exactly the term could be defined in a more general context than just physiological doping. Such a definition is provided in this article by focusing on the underlying structures and processes that transform legitimate enhancement into illegal doping.
doping, enhancement, financial doping, socio economic doping, governance, financial fair play
During the last years the trend is observable that the term doping is increasingly used beyond its common understanding (Asmuth 2010: 15) – often with the intention of denigrating behaviour or circumstances deemed unfair. Bette and Schimank (2006: 24–35) highlight that doping in elite sport is a frequently recurring theme in mass media – the scandals in cycling prove that, at times, doping even seems to be better covered than the actual sport event. A prominent example is the case of Oscar Pistorius, who regularly faced accusations of ‘techno-doping’ due to the Cheetah devices he uses. In the context of the high investments of wealthy club owners or other benefactors in European club football in recent years the term ‘financial doping’ has become an issue (Wilson 2009). Also outside sports the term can be found as is for instance the case when cognitive enhancement is referred to as ‘brain doping’ (Dietz 2011; Dresler et al. 2013).
Since the term is applied to an...
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