Edited By Anna Duszak and Grzegorz Kowalski
Scientific models of text space stratification: Conceptualization and relations between modelling categories
The paper argues that in spite of unsuccessful attempts contemporary linguistics should work out a model of stratification of communication space. Previous research into the problem, from which contemporary European linguistics derives its ideas, was based on a hierarchical triadic system of the individual, the genre (species) and the kind (genus) originating from the literary genology tradition. Genre and discourse were treated as abstract categories providing a framework for the interpretation of individual texts, where discourse was often regarded as a superordinate category corresponding to kind. The author argues that the relation between genre and discourse is of interactional character rather than of subordination and the relation consists in a network of mutual dependencies. It is postulated here that the hierarchical model with vertical relations be replaced with a horizontal typological model. Such single-level typological (generic and discoursal) models would function as two separate yet complementary ways of ordering the universe of text.
1. Hierarchy as a distinctive feature of the traditional model of organizing the universe of texts
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