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Les émotions dans le discours- Emotions in Discourse

Peter Blumenthal, Iva Novakova and Dirk Siepmann

Comment les mots permettent-ils d’appréhender ces objets obscurs que sont nos emotions ? Diverses langues européennes offrent-elles les mêmes perspectives sur cette réalité mouvante, explorée aussi par plusieurs disciplines appliquées (didactique, lexicographie, traitement automatique des langues) ? Le volume tente de répondre à ces questions en mettant en relief certaines innovations théoriques et méthodologiques en sémantique lexicale et en analyse du discours.
How do words allow us to understand these obscure objects that are our emotions? Do various European languages offer the same perspective on this changing reality, when explored by several applied disciplines (language teaching, lexicography, natural language processing)? This volume offers answers by highlighting theoretical and methodological innovations in lexical semantics and discourse analysis.
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À la recherche du profil syntaxique des noms d’affect – Agnès Tutin

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À la recherche du profil syntaxique des noms d’affect

Agnès Tutin*

Abstract

In this chapter, we address the combinatorial study of the lexicon according to the following hypothesis: syntactic distribution of affect nouns can be used to refine the semantic analysis. With the help of the EMOLEX Treebank, we analyze the distribution of affect nouns in subject or direct-object positions, and then in specific distributions: Pro_experiencer V N_affect ( j’éprouve de la jalousie ‘I feel jalousy’; il ressent de la honte ‘he feels shame’) and N_affect V Experiencer (la peur l’étreint ‘fear embraces him/her’, la jalousie le ronge ‘jealousy devours him’). If the first distribution is hard to interpret, the pattern N affect V Experiencer selects a subset of “caused” affect nouns, exogen or endogen nouns including a cause-thematic role.

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