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Henry James Goes to War

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Edited By Miroslawa Buchholtz, Dorota Guttfeld and Grzegorz Koneczniak

Within the past decades, Henry James has been seen going to the movies and to Paris, both far more likely destinations for him than battlefields of the modern world. Sending him off to war seems to be a preposterous idea, but the exaggeration inscribed in the title of the present volume is meant to stress the historicity of wars and battles underlying James’s life and work, quite apart from conflict on which literature thrives at all times. The book consists of five parts devoted to various forms and aspects of conflict. It deals with both literal and metaphorical battles of which the author was aware or in which he was involved. Apart from addressing James’s attitude to two major conflicts, the Civil War and World War One, the articles range from critical discussions of James’s biography, criticism, and fiction, to studies of the intertextual connections between his œuvre and works of both past and present authors.
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Amoenus versus Horridus. The Turn of the Screw and the (Counter)Pastoral

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Sylwia Wojciechowska, Nicolaus Copernicus University

Introduction

The aim of the following article is to examine The Turn of the Screw from the vantage point of the pastoral tradition. Admittedly, the idea may seem provocative. A frequent object of critical attention, The Turn of the Screw has only rarely been analysed with reference to the pastoral tradition.1 Since Henry James is remembered as a proponent of pragmatic realism and an ardent opponent of idealism and romanticism, his works are hardly expected to be pastoral. In spite of his high-brow realism, however, James applied the pastoral in his works2 even if, for the most part, as a string of pastoral reminiscences.3

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