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Poverty and Inequality in Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico after the 2008 Global Crisis


Lukasz Czarnecki, Erik Balleza and Mayra Saenz

How deep is the impact of the 2008 global crisis on Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico? Although having similar experience with the policies of the Washington Consensus, Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico have established different concepts of social and economic development during the last decade. These differences could also be observed during and after the global crisis in 2008. In contrast to the social anti-neoliberal policy implemented in Ecuador and the progressive social and economic policy in Brazil, Mexico has been carrying out the policy of continued neoliberalism. One of the conclusions drawn is that Mexico faces abysmal inequalities and persistence of poverty, which are not only explicated by historical roots, but also by strong applications of neoliberal policies.
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I owe a debt of gratitude to Doctor José Luis Velasco from Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México for writing the preface for this volume. Moreover for his kindness, friendship, and wisdom.

The preliminary version of the three articles, included in this volume, had been presented as papers at the Congress of the Swiss Sociological Association (SSA), “Inequality and Integration in Times of Crisis”, hold at University of Bern, 26-28 June 2013. The plenary session, The social inequality and poverty during the crisis in Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico was organized by Lukasz Czarnecki, who would like to express gratitude especially for Prof. Dr. Ben Jann, Sabrina Schuepbach, and Alina Polyakova. ← 77 | 78 →

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