The case of Brazil: Erik Balleza
The case of Brazil
National Autonomous University of Mexico Faculty of Social and Political Science Mexico e-mail: email@example.com
The main purpose of this paper is to present the evolution of income inequality and poverty both of which have persisted in Brazil over the past three decades, as well as discussing the determinants that have contributed to their reduction. Furthermore, it outlines some considerations about the effects of the current international economic and financial crisis. The paper consists of five parts: 1) Introduction, 2) Income inequality and poverty, 3) Determinants that have contributed to the reduction in the levels of inequality and poverty, 4) The effects of the current international financial and economic crisis, and 5) Final comments. The structural evolution of income inequality and poverty in Brazil between 1977 and 2011 is reconstructed from the analysis of documents and working papers written by the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA by their Portuguese acronym), scholarly articles and journals from Brazil and international organizations have been consulted as well. Following are some general tables, which display this evolution.
According to data on income inequality, it is confirmed that during the eighties and nineties it remained more or less stable, that is, with minor variations, the Gini index remained around 0.60.1 Firstly, we turn our attention to the years 1981 and 1986, where we can observe a more favorable income distribution mainly for the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.