Edited By Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka
Are Indirect Speech Acts Always Conventional?
Nicolas Ruytenbeek, Université Libre de Bruxelles
This paper provides a general picture of the different conventions involved in the production of directive indirect speech acts (ISAs) in English. I claim that: 1) the distinction between on-record and off-record ISAs cannot be equated with the opposition between conventional and non-conventional speech acts; 2) there are two types of conventions or strategies associated with off-record directives. The first consists in making a reference to a reason for action; the second is evoking the expected action. In a nutshell, I maintain that every directive speech act can be viewed as resulting from a convention, either a linguistic or a discursive one.
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