Komparatistik in der Slowakei
Dobrota Pucherová - Intertextuality in African Literature as a Response to the European Literary Tradition
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Intertextuality in African Literature as a Response to the European Literary Tradition
Abstract: European writing about Africa of the 17th–20th centuries is informed by a history of prejudice against the African “dark” continent that was figured in terms of negativity (absence of civilization) and inhumanity. The birth of African literature in the 20th century was a reaction to this European image of Africa and an expression of the need of political and cultural self-determination in the face of European domination. In particular, the re-reading and re-writing of the European “classic” texts became a way for the formerly colonized to subvert Eurocentric discourses and position the African experience and point of view into the centre. The article analyzes several examples representative of African Anglophone literature: Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958), Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s The River Between (1965), Ama Ata Aidoo’s Our Sister Killjoy (1977), Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to the North (Mawsim al-hijra il al-shamal, 1966) and Dambuzo Marechera’s Black Sunlight (1980).
Africa through the European Eyes
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