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Time and Temporality in Language and Human Experience

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Edited By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Krzysztof Kosecki

Culture and language provide two essential frameworks to deal with the concept of time. They view time as observer-determined and thus shed light on multiple and often conflicting temporalities we live in, think, and talk about. Relying on empirical methods, the book explores linguistic and psychological parameters of time perception and conceptualization. It deals, among others, with temporal aspects of language acquisition, neural mechanisms of memory and attention, as well as event structures. Further chapters focus on the understanding of time in philosophy, literature, the arts, and non-verbal communication.
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Evidentiality and Temporal Perspective of Utterance

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Martina Ivanová, Filozofická fakulta PU v Prešove, Slovakia

Abstract

The paper investigates the semantic area of evidentiality in Slovak. The speaker can refer to different evidential sources and can propose diverse epistemic values depending on which element of the situation is taken into account. Epistemic force assigned to a proposition by the speaker is not just the matter of the kind of evidential source but is determined by other deictic characteristics of an utterance. The paper explores the role played by evidentials in an utterance with respect to its temporal characteristics. The description of individual markers highlights the fact that the nature of evidentiality cannot be grasped without understanding how the deictic settings of the speaker affect his/her commitment to the veracity of the proposition.

Keywords

Evidentiality, epistemic modality, temporal perspective of utterance, deictic characteristics of utterance

Introduction

The paper investigates the semantic area of evidentiality in Slovak. The aim of the paper is to prove the hypothesis that the distribution of evidentials is sensitive to the temporal relations specified in the context. It explores the role played by evidentials in an utterance with respect to its deictic characteristics, thus providing evidence for so called “egocentric” theories of language (Fleischman 1989). The data are gained from the Slovak National Corpus, the current version prim-5.0-public.all, which contains more than 719 million tokens.

In this article evidentiality is seen as a functional-semantic (conceptual) domain whose...

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