Edited By Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and Krzysztof Kosecki
Evidentiality and Temporal Perspective of Utterance
Martina Ivanová, Filozofická fakulta PU v Prešove, Slovakia
The paper investigates the semantic area of evidentiality in Slovak. The speaker can refer to different evidential sources and can propose diverse epistemic values depending on which element of the situation is taken into account. Epistemic force assigned to a proposition by the speaker is not just the matter of the kind of evidential source but is determined by other deictic characteristics of an utterance. The paper explores the role played by evidentials in an utterance with respect to its temporal characteristics. The description of individual markers highlights the fact that the nature of evidentiality cannot be grasped without understanding how the deictic settings of the speaker affect his/her commitment to the veracity of the proposition.