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Claim-making and Claim-challenging in English and Polish Linguistic Discourses

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Grzegorz Kowalski

The book presents the results of multi-parameter corpus research on Polish and English scientific discourses in the field of Linguistics. Highlighting the relevance of contextual variables (including time, culture, L1 vs. L2 language) in research framework, the study develops a discourse model of the scientific article, integrating paradigmatic, interpersonal and textual dimensions. The model is applied to investigate distribution patterns of linguistic exponents of claim-making and claim-challenging, i.e. two processes fundamental to scientific argumentation. The results show the changes which English and Polish linguistic discourses underwent between 1980 and 2010, and the extent to which English as lingua franca of modern science affects Polish L1 and English L2 linguistic discourses.
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Part 4. Empirical analysis

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This chapter presents the results of corpus analysis of discursive strategies of claim-making and clam-challenging in Polish and English linguistic discourses sin cross-cultural and diachronic perspectives. The parameters are divided into three categories: hedges (section 4.1), markers of author-reader dialogicity (section 4.2) and markers of self-promotion and other-depreciation (section 4.3).

In this section I discuss the distribution of hedges in the corpus, including reliability hedges (section 4.1.1) and writer-oriented hedges (section 4.1.2).

4.1.1. Reliability hedges

Reliability hedges studies in the present work include three groups of items: markers of epistemic modality, distinguished into nominal, verbal, adjectival and adverbial units (section 4.1.1.1), judgmental speculative and evidential verbs (section 4.1.1.2), and markers of the author’s limited knowledge (section 4.1.1.3).

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