Eine Begleiterin der Menschheit / A Companion of Mankind
Prostitution seems to be as old as humanity itself and is consequently not described as the «oldest profession» without cause. This anthology is an interdisciplinary, chronological and regional extensive approach to analyze the phenomenon. It provides a broad historical, sociological, cultural, and gender perspective on prostitution for the academic as well as the interested reader alike. It examines the role of prostitutes in society, the reception of the profession per se and the conditions due to which it is established.
Zones of Tolerance, Sites of Resistance: Military Control of Prostitution during the U.S. Occupation of the Dominican Republic, 1916–1924
In 1916, the United States occupied the Dominican Republic with the dual purpose of promoting political stability in the Caribbean nation and protecting strategic North American interests. Unable to negotiate an agreement with the Dominican leadership, the U.S. Marine officers assumed power under the name “Gobierno Militar de los Estados Unidos en la República Dominicana” (Military Government of the United States in the Dominican Republic, USMG), a structure that remained in place until their departure in 1924.1 Although initially the occupation forces emphasized their objectives of pacification and protection, the projects that the Marines undertook during this period expanded to include infrastructure development, social reforms, and the modernization of military and police cadres.
Studies of resistance to this U.S. occupation have generated a rich and growing bibliography that has concentrated on movements by urban intellectuals or rural guerrillas.2 This essay shifts attention away from the more established sites of ← 425 | 426 → conflict, and examines the reactions to the USMG’s campaign to control the spread of venereal disease through prostitution. Health and sanitation reforms – and, in particular, country-wide campaigns such as this one – served the USMG to create networks of supervision and control that represented multiple invasions of territory and bodies.3 This essay focuses specifically on the ample range of evasive strategies that Dominicans employed to foil the Marines’ regulations against prostitution.
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