International Perspectives in Different Countries
Exploring the Professionalisation System of Adult Educators in China: How can the Actors Contribute?
Huang Jian & Chen Huiying
This paper aims to explore the professionalisation system of adult educators in the Chinese context, analyze the potential actors in the system and discuss the interaction among those actors in order to enhance the development of the professionalisation of adult educators. It begins with the introduction of a preliminary survey on the current situation of adult educators in Shanghai indicating the contradiction of the increasing demand for adult education and the relatively slow development of the professionalisation of adult educators. The reality shows that although there is an urgent demand for professionalisation in educators of this kind in China, the ideas of who is responsible for the professionalisation system and how to develop this system are still blurred. From the perspectives of the sociology of professions, this paper considers that professionalisation could be seen as a social system driven by four main actors: government, university, professional community and society. These actors interact with each other during the process of professionalisation to gradually make a human activity a profession, and meanwhile to realize the professionalisation of the practitioners involved in this activity. Nevertheless, they play different roles and have different impacts on the professionalisation system as profession and context vary. Based on this theoretical lens, the four potential actors constitute an analytical framework in the paper for the exploration of their roles and contributions to the development of adult educators’ professionalisation system. In addition, this paper summarizes three key...
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