Show Less
Restricted access

Protection of Human Life in Its Early Stage

Intellectual Foundations and Legal Means


Edited By Alexander Stepkowski

The book consists of thirteen studies examining different aspects of human life protection in the early stage of its development. The contributions are arranged in three parts. Part I focuses on theoretical problems and examines the main issues of contemporary jurisprudence. The foundation of human rights, different approaches to sovereignty, the relation between law and science, the legitimacy of judicial power, and the nature of legal authority are discussed. Part II presents the issues within the national contexts of the USA, Germany, Austria and Poland. In a wider perspective, Part III examines the issue of the protection of human life in the prenatal phase on three different levels: within the EU, within the European Court of Human Rights case law and the UN system.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

The Legal Anthropology of Human Rights: A Canvass of Approaches to Explain the Same Reality


Jane Adolphe*


The purpose of this paper is to offer three different ways of explaining the anthropological foundation of human rights. The paper argues that each approach presents international human rights law as an integral whole, revealing an underlying interconnectedness between the nature and meaning of the human person, his or her human dignity, as well as the rights of the family, parents and children. It is beyond the scope of this part to consider the drafting history of key documents and their working papers, such as the UDHR, since such an appeal to supplementary sources of interpretation is unnecessary, and in any event has been studied elsewhere.1 The paper is divided into two main parts and contains an appendix.

Part I fleshes out, in a chronological fashion, the legal-anthropological “golden thread” that runs through international human rights law within the system of the United Nations. This part argues that the International Bill of Rights commonly understood as the1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (“UDHR”),2 the ← 15 | 16 → foundational text for the modern human rights movement, and the two 1966 Covenants – the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“ICCPR”)3 and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (“ICESCR”)4 – remain the linchpin for understanding treaties such as the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (“CRC”),5 and other documents. It will consider what is contained in the International Bill of Human Rights and the...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.