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Protection of Human Life in Its Early Stage

Intellectual Foundations and Legal Means


Alexander Stepkowski

The book consists of thirteen studies examining different aspects of human life protection in the early stage of its development. The contributions are arranged in three parts. Part I focuses on theoretical problems and examines the main issues of contemporary jurisprudence. The foundation of human rights, different approaches to sovereignty, the relation between law and science, the legitimacy of judicial power, and the nature of legal authority are discussed. Part II presents the issues within the national contexts of the USA, Germany, Austria and Poland. In a wider perspective, Part III examines the issue of the protection of human life in the prenatal phase on three different levels: within the EU, within the European Court of Human Rights case law and the UN system.
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The Diffusion of Sexual and Reproductive Rights through the UN Human Rights Framework


Stefano Gennarini*


For over twenty years the UN human rights framework has been used by some governments and non-governmental organizations (NGO) as a legislative and policy forum to promote abortion on-demand as a human right. Their strategies have been most successful in influencing the UN committees tasked with monitoring Human Rights treaties, but also the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), UN agencies, and the UN bureaucracy more widely seems to be captured to this end. UN entities frequently and repeatedly tell countries to liberalize their abortion laws. My goal is to evaluate how successful the UN human rights framework has been in diffusing the notion of abortion as a human right.

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