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The History of Linguistic Thought and Language Use in 16 th Century Slovenia

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Kozma Ahacic

This book is the first work on this topic to have been published in English and is thus brought before the international public. A preliminary sociolinguistic survey of the major issues concerning language use in 16t h century Slovenia is followed by the central section – an analysis of Adam Bohorič’s pioneering grammar of Slovenian (1584) that establishes its position in the framework of contemporary European linguistics. Other subjects include the four-language grammatical appendix to Hieronymus Megiser’s dictionary (1592), the linguistic work of the German writer and teacher Nicodemus Frischlin during his stay in Slovenia, and the language issues addressed in the writings of various Slovenian Protestant writers.
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4 The Grammatical Appendix to a Four-Language Dictionary by Hieronymus Megiser (1592)

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4 The grammatical appendix to a four-language dictionary by Hieronymus Megiser (MD 1592)

Hieronymus Megiser: Some examples of declensions and conjugations (MD 1592: Y 1r)

In his four-language dictionary (German, Slovenian, Latin and Italian), the German polymath Hieronymus Megiser provided an Appendix titled Some examples of declensions and conjugations (Exempla aliquot declinationum et coniugationium; MD 1592: Y 1r–Z 8r)). This sort of appendix is rather unusual in the glossaries of the time (even though they generally provided different appendixes for their users), which makes it that much more interesting, particularly because in spite of its short length it is the second grammar dealing with the Slovenian language. True, the parallel display of paradigms was no novelty in the history of European grammar-writing (cf. Rossebastiano 2000: 693–698), but Megiser’s juxtaposition of four widely different languages is so carefully considered as to merit closer inspection.

The short grammar of the four languages contains paradigms of declensions and conjugations as well as the three groups of variable words, i.e. nouns (along ← 251 | 252 → with articles), pronouns and verbs — the separate discussion of variable and non-variable words had been common since the Greek and Roman period.

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