Im Spannungsfeld von Sprach- und Kulturkontakt- Mit Beiträgen aus der Germanistik, Romanistik und Anglistik- Unter Mitarbeit von Maria Vittoria Spissu
Edited By Doris Höhmann
Tourismus und sprachliches Handeln – diesseits und jenseits von Lingua-franca-Kommunikation
The paper consists of three parts. Part one considers the phenomenon and the term “tourism”. Tourism is a movement towards the unknown. The tourist dives into a world that is different from his/her everyday experience, an “anti-world”. The tourist’s primary interest is to gain new experience by confrontation with the unfamiliar; the journey is a means to that end. The commercialization of travel results in a partial contradiction to the tourist’s expectations.
Part two of the paper discusses the interrelationship of communication and tourism. It presents an analysis of different forms of linguistic activity in touristic contexts, on the part of the tourist. These forms range from language avoidance and nonverbal communication through lingua-franca communication to the use of linguistic guides in printed and in electronic form. The various types show differences with respect to three basic dimensions of language: its teleological, gnoseological, and communitarian functions. Neither nonverbal communication nor lingua-franca communication really contributes to the tourist’s encounter with the unfamiliar as part of his/her self-cultivation.
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