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Language Contact Around the Globe

Proceedings of the LCTG3 Conference


Edited By Amei Koll-Stobbe and Sebastian Knospe

The fifth volume in the series Language Competence and Language Awareness in Europe unites a collection of peer-reviewed papers delivered at the Third Conference on Language Contact in Times of Globalization (LCTG3) at the University of Greifswald in 2011. The papers are arranged in five thematic sections: Part I studies lexical and grammatical borrowing and pseudo-loans. Part II looks at code-switching and language intertwining in different contexts, while Part III is concerned with the power, political backup and use of different languages in multilingual settings. This is followed by Part IV which comprises three articles on the Linguistic Landscapes of different urban areas. Finally, Part V focuses on language choices in literature and institutional settings.
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László Marácz (University of Amsterdam): Resiliencing Hungarian minority languages in the New Europe


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Resiliencing Hungarian minority languages in the New Europe

László Marácz


Hungarian minority languages are spoken in seven countries in Central and Eastern Europe, including Slovakia, Ukraine (Sub-Carpathian region), Romania (Transylvania), Serbia (Vojvodina), Croatia (Slavonia), Slovenia (Mura region) and Austria (Burgenland). In most of these countries and regions the Hungarian language counts a substantial number of speakers and all these countries and regions are neighbouring the kin-state Hungary. In the kin-state, the Hungarian language is the official language of the state. Due to twentieth century’s totalitarian and nationalist ideologies the Hungarian minority languages were discriminated. After the collapse of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe at the beginning of the nineties of the past century the Hungarian minority languages have gained official status in the countries and/or regions they are spoken in. The concrete rights the Hungarian minority languages are granted however vary enormously, from ousting Hungarian from the official domains as in Slovakia to granting the Hungarian language a status as one of the official languages, such as in the Autonomous Province (AP) of Vojvodina. Despite these differences, we observe the resiliencing of the Hungarian minority languages in the so-called Carpathian Macroregion. In the heart of Europe, the Hungarian language functions in fact as a transnational regional vernacular language that has the potential of becoming a regional vehicular language. The resiliencing of the Hungarian minority languages in the Carpathian Macroregion also boosts multilingual and transnational communication....

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