An Organisational Perspective
I. Trust, Corruption and Fraud (Zbysław Dobrowolski)
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I. Trust, Corruption and Fraud
6.1. Concept, Causes and Types of Corruption
Trust plays an important role in the development of society, the functioning of the States and economies. Of particular importance in the establishment of institutional trust are the initiatives of the macrostructure – made up of the State and the individual public organizations. As noted by F. Fukuyama, institutions are the most important variable in the economic development of the State. There are a number of studies, including those carried out by J. A. Robinson, N. van de Walle, R. E. Klitgaard, M. S. Grindle, J. Tendler, that present empirical evidence of this thesis1. Lack of trust in the state and or public organizations – the macrostructure – can contribute to unethical behaviour and economic problems.
The literature relating to the definition of trust is abundant. Theories of trust are based on the notion of interdependence between the party who trusts and the party who is trusted2. Trust can stem from either anticipation of expected behaviour, as suggested by M. Brigham, M. Corbett, R. Butler, J. Gill, C. Lane, R. Bachmann, B. Lyson, J. Mehta, P.M. Doney, J.P. Cannon, or on common past satisfactory experiences, as suggested by J. Calton, L. Lad, T. Das, B. Teng, C. Koenig, G. van Wijk, N. Luhmann, L. Zucker3. In the attempt to conceptualize trust, taking into account the impact of trust on the relationship between people, Z. Dobrowolski defines public trust from the point of...
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