Edited By Ulisses Miranda Azeiteiro, Walter Leal Filho and Sandra S. Caeiro
Electronic logistics for a sustainable distance education: the new UNED on-site virtualization of evaluation procedure documents: Ma Carmen Ortega-Navas, Rocío Muñoz-Mansilla, Fernando Latorre and Rosa María Martín-Aranda
Electronic logistics for a sustainable distance education: the new UNED on-site virtualization of evaluation procedure documents
Ma Carmen Ortega-Navas, Rocío Muñoz-Mansilla, Fernando Latorre and Rosa María Martín-Aranda1
Distance education has very much changed in the last three decades. It provides instruction means for distance learning based on specific didactic methodologies. This paper illustrates how the Spanish National Distance Education University (UNED) have implemented a new protocol for evaluation procedures that optimizes paper use and transportation through on-site digitalization of exams, bringing a new logistics paradigm. The fundamental way of control of the academic performance of the students stands on the evaluation procedures: exams. UNED evaluation system simultaneously summons students at many locations in Spain and at selected venues across the World. The exams are individually delivered and then scanned via encrypted virtual system on a global scale. This work elaborates on UNED student evaluation and virtualizing system to maximize the benefits associated with electronic data handling and logistic challenges. The communication between professors and students is always open to check the evaluation of the exams. Technology is the main contribution in the so-called “valija virtual” (virtual attaché case) system, which has been developed at UNED.