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Chinese Culture in a Cross-Cultural Comparison

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Edited By Michael B. Hinner

Chinese culture has a very long and extraordinary tradition. With China’s rapid economic growth and a population of more than one billion people, China has become a very important market for many companies. In order to conduct business in a particular country, it is necessary to also understand the culture of that country. After all, culture influences people’s behavior and communication – also in the world of business. That is why an understanding of a country’s culture is crucial when communicating with all relevant stakeholders including its consumers, businesses, employees, and government authorities. This eighth volume of the Freiberger Beiträge seeks to provide some essential insights into Chinese culture to help improve transactions and relationships with Chinese stakeholders. The contributing authors help explain the various facets of Chinese culture revolving around communication, business negotiations, and conflict management.
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The Change in Space and Time of the Stage in Chinese Contemporary Drama

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By Xuying Wang and Junhao Hong

Xuying Wang and Junhao Hongs take a closer look at Chinese drama. They note that while Chinese drama performed on stage was in decline in the 1980s, it has been reviving in recent years. Young people also like drama; in particular, dramas which are adapted from popular TV soaps and films. Contemporary Chinese drama uses a lot of modern technology borrowed from movies and likes to add multimedia elements to the stage performances. Consequently, drama has become very visual, resembling movies.

But it seems that contemporary Chinese drama is also influenced by traditional Chinese opera; in particular, because space and time are treated freely like in Chinese opera. In fact, time and space are considered similar in Chinese opera and drama so that walking around the stage twice can mean that a lot of time has passed or the use of whip symbolizes a long ride on horseback. And some plays even use traditional Chinese opera chants. But that should not come as surprise because the aesthetic aspects of culture, for example opera and drama, reflect cultural values. Often these cultural values are hidden and not readily apparent to the audience, but strike a chord in the audience’s subconscious. So familiarity with these forms of stage performance can actually allow us to get a better understanding of the respective culture and its values; values, which might not otherwise be so readily apparent.

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