Show Less
Restricted access

Proselyten und Rückkehr

Der Übertritt zum Judentum in Wien 1868–1914 – Teil 1 und Teil 2

Anna L. Staudacher

Die Autorin legt erstmals in einer editionsnahen Form die Protokolle vor, die für ProselytInnen und RevertitInnen beim Eintritt ins Judentum angelegt wurden, nachdem das Interkonfessionelle Gesetz von 1868 den Juden in Österreich die volle Gleichberechtigung brachte. Von nun an war ein Übertritt von Christen und Konfessionslosen zum Judentum möglich und auch Konvertiten zum Christentum konnten zum Judentum zurückkehren. Erforderlich war hierzu lediglich eine amtliche Austrittserklärung aus jener Religionsgemeinschaft, der man zuvor angehört hatte. Der Eintritt ins Judentum erfolgte jedoch nicht bei der politischen Behörde, sondern bei einer Kultusgemeinde, welche die Proselytenprotokolle anlegte. Ergänzt werden die Protokolle durch eine Fülle weiterer Quellen, welche in nicht wenigen Fällen das Motiv der Liebe zu einem Mitglied der jüdischen Gemeinde offenlegen.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Introduction, part 2

Extract



Reversions & conversions to Judaism

“I, the undersigned, hereby declare on oath that I am converting to the time-honoured faith of Judaism of my own free will & out of innermost conviction to live and die by the same. Vienna XIX, 28 October 1894. Philipp Balla, academic painter [mp]”.1

Four years previously, before changing his surname to Balla and when he was still a student at the Academy of Fine Arts, Philipp Braun had been baptised in Vienna at the Parish of St Othmar. He was entered in the baptism register of the Parish as Johann Baptist Filipp Braun, graduate of the arts, unmarried. His father was Beni Braun, timber merchant, his mother Hermine née Jeiteles. According to his record in the St Othmar baptism register, he was born in Hungary, in Pécska, in the county of Arad.2 In 1894, two months before reverting to Judaism, he was granted a change of surname from Braun to Balla in August by the Hungarian Ministry of the Interior, a name change that was likewise noted in the St Othmar baptism register.3 His reversion to Judaism was entered in the proselyte protocol of Döbling with his solemn declaration, in the left margin a brief note made of his personal details: Philipp Balla, legitimate son of Beni Braun, without explicit mention of his change of surname.4 In the cumulative index on the proselyte protocols of the Jewish Community, he is listed only as Philipp...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.