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Proselyten und Rückkehr

Der Übertritt zum Judentum in Wien 1868–1914 – Teil 1 und Teil 2

Anna L. Staudacher

Die Autorin legt erstmals in einer editionsnahen Form die Protokolle vor, die für ProselytInnen und RevertitInnen beim Eintritt ins Judentum angelegt wurden, nachdem das Interkonfessionelle Gesetz von 1868 den Juden in Österreich die volle Gleichberechtigung brachte. Von nun an war ein Übertritt von Christen und Konfessionslosen zum Judentum möglich und auch Konvertiten zum Christentum konnten zum Judentum zurückkehren. Erforderlich war hierzu lediglich eine amtliche Austrittserklärung aus jener Religionsgemeinschaft, der man zuvor angehört hatte. Der Eintritt ins Judentum erfolgte jedoch nicht bei der politischen Behörde, sondern bei einer Kultusgemeinde, welche die Proselytenprotokolle anlegte. Ergänzt werden die Protokolle durch eine Fülle weiterer Quellen, welche in nicht wenigen Fällen das Motiv der Liebe zu einem Mitglied der jüdischen Gemeinde offenlegen.
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Preface

Extract



The undersigned hereby has the honour of informing a reverend parish office that Josef Goldschmid, born 13 September 1851 in Vienna (Alservorstadt 195), was this day admitted into the Jewish Federation. Nagykanizsa, 20 April 1896.

I found this letter, written by the Chief Rabbi of Nagykanizsa, many years ago in a baptism register of the Parish of Alservorstadt. Alservorstadt 195 was the address of the Vienna foundling hospital. Josef Goldschmid was a child of the foundling hospital, a Jewish child who was baptised immediately after his birth in the Parish of Alservorstadt for the purposes of admission into the foundling hospital; he was 44 years old at the time of his conversion to Judaism. The notification of his conversion to Judaism was recorded in the same baptism register in which his baptism had been entered.

Back then, almost 20 years ago, I was only just beginning my work on the Jewish converts, which started with the revision of baptisms of Jewish children for the purposes of admission into the Vienna foundling hospital.1 This was followed by a double volume on the Jewish converts in Vienna, with an epilogue on reversions after the year 18682 and then a short study on reversions in the first decade after 1868.3 It was not until I began preparing resignations from Judaism for publication4 that I revisited the topic of conversions to Judaism: I came across resignations from Judaism by people who had indeed been born in Vienna but...

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