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Economic Philosophy

Economic Foundations and Political Categories

Adelino Zanini

The book investigates the relationship between the economic and political writings of four seminal authors: Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Joseph A. Schumpeter, and John M. Keynes. It underlines how in their works the nexus between ethics, economics, and politics has produced four exemplary solutions. They represent the most relevant modern formulations of the idea of ‘political interest’, to which the philosophical and political debate constantly returns, as the thought of Carl Schmitt, Hannah Arendt, and Michel Foucault demonstrates. The author discusses the different interpretations by considering economic science not as a natural, but as moral and political science.
Contents: Adam Smith: the government of the passions: A Theory of Passions: Hobbes, Hume, Smith - Imagination and Moral - Benevolence, Prudence, Justice – Karl Marx: surplus value and difference: Marx’s Kritik as Scientific Program - Labour as Subjectivity - Surplus Value and Difference: an ontological approach – Joseph A. Schumpeter: the logos of the economic theory: Theoretical Economic and Economic Theory - Schumpeter and the Modern Democracy - Economic Science and Ideology – John M. Keynes: uncertainty and normation: Epistemic Probability and Political Choice - The Crisis of the Liberal State of Right - Effective Demand and Political Supply.