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Reluctant Modernization

Plebeian Culture and Moral Economy in the Basque Country

Andreas Hess

Contents: Introduction: From the Critique of Basque Egalitarianism to an Understanding of Reluctant Modernization – ‘Defending the Home’: Moral Economy in the Rural Environment: The Baserria: A ‘Total Institution’ in Historical Perspective - Function and Crisis of the Traditional Baserria - Reluctant Modernization I: The Baserria as an ‘Exit’ Model of Moral Economy – ‘Working the Waves’: The Brotherhood of Fishermen and Moral Economy: The Sea and the Harbour: A Short History of the Cofradía - Function and Crisis of the Cofradía - Reluctant Modernization II: The Cofradía as an Attempt to Facilitate ‘Voice’ – ‘The Social Bonds of Cooking’: Gastronomic Societies and Moral Economy: Origins, Historical Development and Geographical Distribution of the Txoko - Formal Organization, Social Context and Function of the Txoko - Between Homogenization and Differentiation: Basque Cooking and Culinary Culture - Reluctant Modernization III: ‘Commensality’, ‘Loyalty’ and Urban Forms of Life – Conclusion: Reluctant Modernization, Plebeian Culture and Moral Economy in the Basque Country.