The monograph addresses environmental problems, assessment methods and remedial measures related to the management of urban transportation. The book comprises description of current state and future developments towards sustainable urban transportation. The assessment of transport-induced urban environmental quality covers the whole process from the collection of raw data, the storage and retrieval of this data for computation/modelling, to the presentation of information. Special attention is given to the strategies, policies, as well as economic instruments which support decisions for sustainable environmental management. The book also includes case studies providing practical examples of respective environmental issues.