The book contains selected contributions from the international workshop Historical and Cross-Cultural Aspects of Psychology. This was organised by Evelin Witruk and her team at the University of Leipzig in 2009, when Psychology in Leipzig celebrated its 130th and the University of Leipzig its 600th anniversary. In line with the workshop, this collection represents an interdisciplinary approach to cover and combine different aspects of psychology. It focuses on the origins of Psychology in Leipzig where Wilhelm Wundt founded in 1879 the world’s first Psychological Institute. The contributions regard the history of psychology, the role of this science in regions affected by disasters, and methodical and cross-cultural issues. So this volume intertwines basic research, partly based on or inspired by history, with applied work to promote scientific exchange not just between different countries but also between the different branches of psychology.