This volume combines a number of articles that intend to illustrate the manifold aspects that effect today's families in Turkey and have led to dramatic changes in socio-political relations and world views. Based on extensive anthropological and sociological research the contributors to this volume present indepth analyses of the social and cognitive transformation processes that have taken place within the last decades among rural and urban families in Turkey as well as among migrant workers' families in Western European countries. Changes in family structures, household compositions, gender and kin relations as well as alterations in the world view are a major focus of this book. Furthermore, the validity of various assumptions and paradigms referring to changes in family and household structures, gender and kin relations etc. is critically reviewed.