One hundred years of Zionism and the protracted conflict in the Middle East are inseparably linked to a small country in Central Europe: Austria. This country, perceived not only as the present republic, but also as the area of the Habsburg Monarchy, has contributed enormously both to the modern Jewish experience (including Zionism) as well as to anti-semitic trends leading (although in a twisted manner) to the Holocaust disaster. The texts in this volume examine this past and its impact on present Austrian policies regarding Israel and Palestine. Names symbolizing this legacy: Herzl, Hitler, Kreisky and Waldheim. With a preface by Uri Avnery.