This book looks at the development practices of International Non-Governmental Organisations of CONCERN from Ireland, OXFAM from the United Kingdom, and REDD BARNA (Save the Children) from Norway in Ethiopia. Micro level in-depth empirical data on the activities of these northern NGOs are collected and analysed. Following the 1984/85 famine and drought in Ethiopia, international NGOs brought relief aid to Ethiopia and took part in its distribution as well. As the relief activities declined some NGOs moved into rehabilitation and later into development work with the intention of addressing the root cause of the problems, i.e. rural poverty. The book also examines NGOs not only as ‘micro-operators’ but also as social forces that influence macro development policies that affect the poor in a participatory and sustainable way.